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Carbon Information Carbon Ki Khoj Kisne Ki?


Carbon Chemical Element Details


Carbon aik bohat he eham chemical element hai jiska chemical symbol C hai. Zameen par rehne walay tamam jandaron ko iski zaroorat hoti hai. Carbon ka atomic mass 12 hai aur atomic number 6 hai. Ye aik non metal hai jiska matlab hai ye aik metal nahi hai.

Carbon Itna Eham Kyon Hai?



Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen aur dusre elements jaise Sulfur aur phosphorus ikathi zameen par zindagi ki shakal hai. Carbon organic compounds ki bohat bari tadad banta hai kyon ki ye apne sath taqatwar bonds bana sakta hai aur dusre elements ke sath bhi bana sakta hai. Kyon ki tamam living things mein organic things ko carbon-based samjha jata hai. Har carbon atom 4 covalent bonds bana sakta hai. Ye bonds carbon ko lambi chain shaped molecules banane mein madad dete hain jinhen polymers kaha jata hai jaise Plastics. Jab Iron ko Carbon ke sath mix kiya jata hai to hard steel ban jata hai. Carbon coal ki shakal mein bohat eham fuel hai.

Types of Carbon



Carbon qudrati taur par 3 shakalon mein paya jata hai allotropes: diamond, graphite aur fullerenes. Pencils mein Graphite matti k sath shamil kiya jata hai. Ye bohat naram hota hai. Isky carbon atoms ki rings banti hai jo kay ek dusre sey upar hoti hain aur bohat asani sey slide karti hain. Diamonds sab sey sakht qudarti mineral hain. Fullerenes carbon ki aik soccer ball shape hai. Inka ziyada tar science ki taraf matwaju hote hain. Aik khaas man-made tube shape ka carbon ka allotrope carbon nanotube hai. Carbon nanotubes bohat sakht hote hain isliye inhen Armor mein istemal kiya jata hai. Nanotubes nanotechnology mein karmad hote hain. Carbon ke 1 crore compounds hain.

Chemistry of Carbon



Chemistry ki aik mukamal kisam organic chemistry hai jo carbon aur iske compounds ke mutaliq hai. Carbon bohat sari types ke compounds banata hai. Hydrocarbons carbon aur hydrogen ke sath molecules hote hain. Methane, Propane aur bohat saray dusry fuels hydrocarbons hain. Bohat saray substances jo log roazan istemal karte hain ye organic compounds hain.

Carbon Kahan Paya Jata Hai?


Carbon kainaat ki bohat sari jagahon par paya jata hai ye sab sey pehle old stars mein bana tha. Carbon Sun mein 4th number par sab sey aam element hai. Venus aur Mars k atmospheres ziyada tar carbon dioxide hain. Carbon insani jism ke liye aur dusri living things ke liye bohat zarori hai aur ye insani jism mein dusra aam element hai jo body weight ka 23% banta hai. Carbon bohat sari bilogical molecules ka hisa hai jo Zindagi mein istemal hote hain.
Zameen par majood ziyada tar carbon coal hai. Graphite kafi places par ziyada tar desert par hota hai jis mein Sri Lanka, Madagascar aur Russia shamil hain. Diamonds bohat nayaab hain aur Africa mein kafi tadad mein paye jata hai.

Carbon Kisne Discover Kiya?


Carbon ki khoj A.L. Lavoisier ne 1789 mein ki thi jo kay Latin Language ke word "Charcoal" sey hui.

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