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Electron Kya Hota Hai Proton Kya Hai Neutron Kya Hai Aur Inki Khoj Kisne Aur Kab Ki?


Electron Kya Hota Hai


Electron Theory in Urdu/Hindi

Electron matter aur energy ka bohat chota sa tukra hota hai electron ka symbol e hai. Electron subatomic particle hote hain ye elementary particle samjha jata hai kyun ki ye is sey ziyada chota nahi ho sakta iska charge negative hota hai aur ye light ki speed se harkat karta hai. Electrons gravitational, electromagnetic and weak interactions mein hisa lete hain. Jo Electricity Radios, motors aur dusri bohat sari jin mein bohat saray electrons hote hain aur ye wires ya phir dusry Conductors se harkat karte hain.

Electron Ki Khoj Kisne Kiya Tha Electron Ki Khoj Kab Hui Thi


Electron ko J. J. Thomson ne 1897 mein daryaft kiya tha.

Proton Kya Hai

Proton Definition in Urdu/Hindi

Proton atom ka hisa hai ye atom ke nucleus mein nettorns ke sath paya jata hai. Periodic table atoms ke group protons ke hisab sey banata hai. Hydrogen ka aik akela atom jo kay bohat atom ki bohat he halki si qisam hai electron ki bani hoti hai jo kay proton kay ird gird harkat karti hai. Iss atom ka ziyada tar mass proton mein hota hai jo kay electron sey 2000 guna heavy hai. Protons aur neutrons atom ki har dusri kisam ka nucleus banate hain element ki protons ke number aik jese hote hain. Atom ka atomic number us atom ke protons ke atomic number kay brabar hota hai.


Proton Ki Khoj Kisne Ki Thi Proton Ki Khoj Kab Hui Thi




Proton ki khoj Ernest Rutherford ne 1920 mein ki thi. Protons quarks ke bane hote hain aik proton 3 quarks ka hota hai aik up quarks aur aik down quarks aik down quarks. Quark kya hota hai? quark aik chota sa zarah hota hai jo kay protons aur neutrons ko banata hai. Aik down quark -1/3 ka charge rakhta hai aur 2 quarks +2/3 ka charge rakhte hain ye +1 ka charge jama kar deta hai. Proton ka mass bohat kam hota hai proton ka mass 1 atomic mass unit ke brabar hota hai. Neutron ka mass bhi 1 atomic mass unit ke brabar hota hai. Proton ka size quarks ki vibration se jana jata hai aur ye quarks moasar taur par cloud se hote hain jiska matlab hai proton bohat ziyada hard ball nahi hai jis arema mein quarks hote hain.


Neutron Kya Hai

Neutron Ki Jankari in Hindi/Urdu

Neutron protons aur electorons ke sath atom ko banate hain neutrons aur protons atom ke nucleus mein paye jate hain. Protons ke barakas jis mein positive charge hota hai aur electrons jis mein negative charge hota hai lekin neutrons ka zero charge hota hai. Jiska matlab hai ye neutral particles hain neutrons ko protons ke sath residual strong force ke sath jora jata hai.

Neutron Ki Khoj Kisne Kiya Tha Neutron Ki Khoj Kab Hui



Neutrons ko Ernest Rutherford ne predict kiya tha aur neutron ki khoj James Chadwick ne 1932 mein ki thi. Atoms ko beryllium k bareek sheeshe mein fire kiya gaya tha jin particles mein koi charge nahi tha unhe neutrons ka naam diya gaya aur baad mein inhen atom ke modern image mein shamil kiya gaya. Neutron ka mass 1.675 × 10-24g hai jo kay proton se kuch ziyada hai neutrons electrons se 1839 guna bharay hain. Hadrons ki tarah neutrons quarks ke bante hain aik neutron 2 down quarks aur 1 up quark se banta hai. 1 up quark ka charge +2/3 hai aur 2 down quarks mein sey har aik ka charge charge of -1/3 hai. Ye haqeeqat hai ye charges khatam kar diye jate hain jiski wajah se neutrons ka zero charge hai.

Neutrons tamam atoms mein protons aur electrons ke sath ikathy paye ja sakte hain. Siwaye Hydrogen-1 kay atoms jinka proton number aik jesa hota hai lekin neutrons ka number mukhtalif hota hai isotopes kehlata hain. Atom mein Neutrons ke number chemical properties ko tabdeel nahi karte lekin ye iski adhi Zindagi ki stability ko mutasir karte hain. Agar aap ko meri ye post achi lagi hai to neeche thanks box par click kar dain aur iss informative post ko apne friends ke sath share bhi karen.

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